Anuncio / Announcement / Announce / Ankündigung

Queridos amigos,

Un ciclo finaliza y otro comienza. Es con sentimientos encontrados que comparto la noticia de que por cuestiones personales y organizacionales he decidido dejar de ser editor de las redes sociales de la Asociación Mexicana de Historia Económica (AMHE), función que ocupé desde marzo de 2007.

Quiero agradecer a Luis Jáuregui (Instituto de Investigaciones Doctor José María Luis Mora) y a Carlos Marichal (Centro de Estudios Históricos, El Colegio de México) por todo el apoyo que me brindaron, el primero como presidente de la AMHE entre 2007 y 2013, el segundo como secretario del Consejo de Honor de la Asociación. Doy las gracias también a Paola Chenillo(Universidad de Barcelona, Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona y Universidad de Zaragoza), Itzayana Gutiérrez (McGill University), Alfredo Pureco (Instituto de Investigaciones Doctor José María Luis Mora), y Maribel Rivas (Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana Xochimilco), quienes participaron en El Blog de la AMHE y en las otras redes como contribuidores en distintos periodos.

Todas las noticias que deseen compartir con la AMHE las pueden enviar a la presidenta, Sandra Kuntz (Centro de Estudios Históricos, El Colegio de México), a la dirección skuntz@colmex.mx, y a la secretaria de la Asociación, Yovana Celaya(Instituto de Investigaciones Histórico Sociales, Universidad Veracruzana), a la dirección ycelaya10@gmail.com.

Con afecto,

Manuel A. Bautista González
Miembro de la Mesa Directiva de la Asociación Mexicana de Historia Económica, 2013-2016

Dear friends,

A cycle ends, another cycle begins. It is with a heavy heart that I share the news that for personal and organizational reasons I have decided to resign the position as editor of the social networks of the Mexican Economic History Association (AMHE), which I held since March 2007.

I want to thank Luis Jáuregui (Doctor José María Luis Mora Research Institute) and Carlos Marichal (Historical Studies Center, El Colegio de México) for all their support, the first as AMHE’s president between 2007 and 2013, the latter as the secretary of the Honors Council of the Association. I also want to thank Paola Chenillo (University of Barcelona, Autonomous University of Barcelona and University of Zaragoza), Itzayana Gutiérrez (McGill University), Alfredo Pureco (Doctor José María Luis Mora Research Institute) and Maribel Rivas (Metropolitan Autonomous University Xochimilco), who participated in the Association’s blog and the other social networks as contributors in different periods.

All news that you want to share with AMHE can be sent to the president, Sandra Kuntz (Historical Studies Center, El Colegio de México), to the e-mail address skuntz@colmex.mx, and the secretary of the Association, Yovana Celaya (Historical and Social Research Institute, Veracruzan University), to the e-mail ycelaya10@gmail.com.

With affection,

Manuel A. Bautista González
Member of the Executive Board of the Mexican Economic History Association, 2013-2016


Chers amis,

Un cycle se termine, un autre cycle recommence. C’est avec des sentiments troublants que je partage les nouvelles que pour des raisons personnelles et d’organisation, j’ai décidé de démissionner du poste de rédacteur des réseaux sociaux de l’Association Mexicaine d’Histoire Économique (AMHE), une poste que je tenais depuis Mars 2007.

Je tiens à remercier Luis Jáuregui (Institut de recherche docteur José María Luis Mora) et Carlos Marichal (Centre d’études historiques, El Colegio de Mexico) pour leur soutien, le premier en tant que président de AMHE entre 2007 et 2013, le dernier en tant que secrétaire de la Conseil de Honneurs de l’Association. Aussi je tiens à remercier Paola Chenillo (Université de Barcelone, Université Autonome de Barcelone et l’Université de Saragosse), Itzayana Gutiérrez (Université McGill), Alfredo Pureco (Institut de recherche docteur José María Luis Mora) et Maribel Rivas (Université Autonome Métropolitaine de Xochimilco), tous ce qui ont participé dans le blog de l’Association et les réseaux sociaux comments des contributeurs à différentes périodes.

Toutes les nouvelles que vous voulez partager avec AMHE peut être envoyé a la présidente, Sandra Kuntz (Historical Studies Center, El Colegio de Mexico), à l’e-mail skuntz@colmex.mx, et la secrétaire de l’Association, Yovana Celaya (Institut de recherche historique et sociale, Université Veracruzain), à l’e-mail ycelaya10@gmail.com.

Avec affection,

Manuel A. Gonzalez Bautista
Membre du Conseil exécutif de l’Association mexicaine d’histoire économique, 2013-2016

Liebe Freunde,
Ein Zyklus endet und eine andere beginnt. Es ist mit gemischten Gefühlen, die ich teilen die Nachricht, dass ich beschlossen habe, Social-Media-Editor der Mexikanischen Vereinigung der Wirtschaftsgeschichte (AMHE) zu aufhören, meine Arbeitsstelle seit März 2007, wegen der persönliche und organisatorischen Faktoren.
Ich möchte Luis Jáuregui (Forschungsinstitut Dr. Jose Maria Luis Mora) und Carlos Marichal (Historical Studies Center, El Colegio de Mexico) für ihre Unterstützung danken, die sie mir gegeben haben, der erste Präsident der AMHE zwischen 2007 und 2013, der zweite Sekretär des Rates der Ehre des Vereins. Ich danke auch Paola Chenillo (Universität Barcelona, ​​Autonome Universität Barcelona und der Universität Zaragoza), Itzayana Gutiérrez (McGill University), Alfredo Pureco(Forschungsinstitut Dr. Jose Maria Luis Mora) und Maribel Rivas (Autonome Metropolitan University Xochimilco ), denen in der Blog AMHEs und anderen Netzwerken in verschiedenen Zeiträumen mit mir zusammengearbeitet.
Alle Nachrichten die Sie mit AMHE teilen möchten, können sie an den Präsidenten zu schicken, Sandra Kuntz (Historical Studies Center, El Colegio de Mexico), E-Mail Addresse skuntz@colmex.mx, und der Sekretärin des Verbandes, Yovana Celaya (Historische Sozialforschung Institut, Universidad Veracruzana), E-Mail Addresse ycelaya10@gmail.com.
Mit Zuneigung,
Manuel A. Bautista González
Mitglied des Vorstands der mexikanischen Vereinigung der Wirtschaftsgeschichte, 2013-2016

8,106 posts después / 8,106 posts later

Queridos amigos,
Un ciclo finaliza y otro comienza. Es con sentimientos encontrados que comparto la noticia de que este será el último post de El Blog de la AMHE, que inició transmisiones en agosto de 2009 . Del mismo modo, por cuestiones personales y organizacionales he decidido dejar de ser editor de las redes sociales de la Asociación Mexicana de Historia Económica, función que ocupé desde abril de 2007.
Quiero agradecer a Luis Jáuregui (Instituto de Investigaciones Doctor José María Luis Mora) y a Carlos Marichal (Centro de Estudios Históricos, El Colegio de México) por todo el apoyo que me brindaron, el primero como presidente de la AMHE entre 2007 y 2013, el segundo como secretario del Consejo de Honor de la Asociación. Doy las gracias también a Paola Chenillo (Universidad de Barcelona, Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona y Universidad de Zaragoza), Itzayana Gutiérrez (McGill University), Alfredo Pureco (Instituto de Investigaciones Doctor José María Luis Mora), y Maribel Rivas (Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana Xochimilco), quienes participaron en este blog y en las otras redes sociales como contribuidores en distintos periodos.
Todas las noticias que deseen compartir con la AMHE las pueden enviar a la presidenta de la AMHE, Sandra Kuntz (Centro de Estudios Históricos, El Colegio de México), al correo-e skuntz@colmex.mx, y a la secretaria de la Asociación, Yovana Celaya (Instituto de Investigaciones Histórico Sociales, Universidad Veracruzana), al correo-e ycelaya10@gmail.com.
Con afecto,

Manuel A. Bautista González
Miembro de la Mesa Directiva de la Asociación Mexicana de Historia Económica, 2013-2016

Dear friends,
A cycle ends, another cycle begins. It is with a heavy heart that I share the news that this will be the last post of El Blog de la AMHE, which began broadcasting contents in August 2009. At the same time, for personal and organizational reasons I have decided to resign the position as editor of the social networks of the Mexican Economic History Association (AMHE), which I held since April 2007.
I want to thank Luis Jáuregui (Doctor José María Luis Mora Research Institute) and Carlos Marichal (Historical Studies Center, El Colegio de México) for all the support they have offered me, the first as AMHE’s president between 2007 and 2013, the latter as the secretary of the Honors Council of the Association. I also want to thank Paola Chenillo (University of Barcelona, Autonomous University of Barcelona and University of Zaragoza), Itzayana Gutiérrez (McGill University), Alfredo Pureco (Doctor José María Luis Mora Research Institute) and Maribel Rivas (Metropolitan Autonomous University Xochimilco), who participated in this blog and the other social networks as contributors in different periods.
All news that you want to share with AMHE can be sent to the president, Sandra Kuntz (Historical Studies Center, El Colegio de México), to the e-mail skuntz@colmex.mx, and the secretary of the Association, Yovana Celaya (Historical and Social Research Institute, Veracruzan University), to the e-mail ycelaya10@gmail.com.
With affection,

Manuel A. Bautista González
Member of the Executive Board of the Mexican Economic History Association, 2013-2016


Presentación de libro: Susan Deans-Smith, “Burócratas, cosecheros y trabajadores. La formación del monopolio de tabaco en la Nueva España borbónica” (México, 4 de noviembre de 2015)

Presentación de libro: Susan Deans-Smith, “Burócratas, cosecheros y trabajadores. La formación del monopolio de tabaco en la Nueva España borbónica” (México, 4 de noviembre de 2015)

 


Seminario: Los contribuyentes en la fiscalidad mexicana: trayectorias y perfiles (Xalapa, 22 de octubre de 2015)

Instituto de Investigaciones Histórico Sociales de la Universidad Veracruzana

Xalapa, 22 de octubre de 2015

  


Eh.net Book Review: The Oxford Handbook of the Italian Economy since Unification

Published by EH.Net (October 2015)

Gianni Toniolo, editor, The Oxford Handbook of the Italian Economy since Unification. New York: Oxford University Press, 2013. xiv + 785 pp. $170 (cloth), ISBN: 978-0-19-993669-4.

Reviewed for EH.Net by Leandro Prados de la Escosura, Department of Social Sciences, Universidad Carlos III.

In addition to being a leading scholar of the economic history of modern Italy, Gianni Toniolo has been throughout his career an outstanding citizen. He has had a leading role in debates on Italy’s economic performance since the 1970s — initially as an active member of the new generation of distinguished economic historians that challenged and renovated the conventional narrative. More recently, he has led a new generation of young economists and economic historians in a major revision of Italian economic history that focuses on standards of living and income distribution.

The Oxford Handbook, a most ambitious re-interpretative project in modern European economic history, is the latest proof of Toniolo’s good citizenship. The purpose of this collective effort is assessing Italian long run economic performance within an international perspective. A common element in the contributions to the volume is addressing historical issues from a present day’s perspective and emphasizing its policy dimensions. This feature differentiates the volume from conventional economic history texts. The wide variety of issues considered does not harm the volume’s unity. In addition, the book is well written and accessible to the non-technical reader.

The volume is divided into five parts: aggregate growth and policy; sources of growth and welfare; international competitiveness; firms, banks, and the state; and the regional divide. For each topic within each of the five sections, the editor has chosen two or three specialists, usually an international scholar in the field and an Italian economist or economic historian. Such a bold idea proves to be a success. An excellent quantitative appendix, that includes a new set of GDP estimates from the output and expenditure sides, together with new series of labor quantity, capital stock and total factor productivity, completes the volume.

Part I on aggregate growth and policy represents, perhaps, the most ambitious interpretative section of the volume. It starts with a thoughtful introduction by the editor that constitutes a good guide for the rest of the volume. In contrast to the relative decline during the Early Modern era, Italy experienced sustained growth and catching up to the leading economies for most of the twentieth century, separating two phases (pre-1896 and post-1992) of sluggish performance and falling behind. The process of international convergence was accompanied by internal divergence between north and south. The introduction is followed by Harold James and Kevin O’Rourke’s assessment of Italy’s performance during the first globalization and its subsequent backlash, in which they stress pre-World War II capital scarcity and highlight the specificity of interwar industrial policy under the lead of state-owned industrial conglomerate IRI. Then, Andrea Boltho compares Italy to Germany and Japan, countries defeated in World War II and great successes in the postwar, which slowed down significantly at the turn of the century. Lack of major reforms during the reconstruction years, administrative inefficiencies, permanent conflict in industrial relations, and the gap between North and South are pointed out as Italy’s distinctive elements. Nicholas Crafts and Marco Magnani carry out a path-breaking interpretation of Italy’s catching up during the Golden Age and lagging behind since 1992. Their main argument is that institutions and policy choices that allow success in a far-from-frontier economy differ from those required for a close-to-frontier economy. Thus, Italy successfully performed as a far-from-frontier economy in the so-called age of Fordist manufacturing within a stable context of growing export demand, diffusion of U.S. technology, and high investment opportunities, with regulation, industrial policy, government intervention, and undervalued exchange rates as the main policy instruments. As Italy got closer to the technological frontier, factor and product markets’ flexibility and human and intangible capital accumulation became central to growth opportunities and Italy fell short of achieving them, as the delayed diffusion of information and communications technologies confirms. In the closing paper, Marcello de Cecco provides an original insight on how major issues in Italian economic performance were addressed by foreign scholars in which dualism receives particular attention.

Part II on sources of growth and welfare represents the most empirical section of the volume and provides a quantitative background for the rest of the volume’s contributions. It opens with a major contribution by Alberto Baffigi (that represents a collective endeavor) to produce a new set of historical national accounts with homogeneous GDP series from the supply and demand sides, at current and constant prices, over one hundred and fifty years. In the next chapter, Stephen Broadberry, Claire Giordano and Francesco Zollino compute new series of capital and labor and combine them with Baffigi’s new GDP series to draw trends in labor and total factor productivity (TFP) that place Italy in comparative perspective. Their analysis of the sources of growth reveals that during 1913-1993, TFP drove labor productivity growth (in which structural change played a relevant part) especially during growth accelerations. However, up to 1913 and, then, since 1993, factor accumulation dominated long-run growth. Italy appears to have come full circle. Andrea Brandolini and Giovanni Vecchi address standards of living in a comprehensive way to conclude that modern economic growth in Italy was compatible with substantial achievements in human development and the eradication of extreme poverty. The evolution of Italy’s educational system is addressed in Giuseppe Bertola and Paolo Sestito’s essay. They find that insufficient education levels (in both quantity and quality) represent a much more relevant obstacle for growth and catching up in today’s advanced Italian economy than during the Golden Age. In their assessment of emigration, Matteo Gomelli and Cormac Ó Gráda stress the positive self-selection of migrants and the favorable impact of migration on living standards and growth, as well as on reducing regional discrepancies. Lastly, Luigi Guiso and Paolo Pinotti use the enfranchisement of 1912 to investigate whether civic capital had an effect on democratization. After enfranchisement, electoral turnout declined but more in the South than in the North, which was more civic-capital intense. From this finding they conclude that formal democratization had a lower impact in the South as lower civic capital reduced political participation and, hence, did not contribute to closing the North-South gap.

Part III focuses on the international competitiveness of the Italian economy. It starts with a complete survey of the evolution of comparative advantage by Giovanni Federico and Nikolaus Wolf who emphasize the association between economic growth and export performance. They stress the dynamic role of manufacturing exports from World War I to 1980, when low-tech exports dominated and competitiveness declined, especially during the last two decades. Virginia di Nino, Barry Eichengreen, and Massimo Sbracia show that Italy’s currency was mostly undervalued between unification and the 1990s, after which it became overvalued. Undervaluation stimulated growth through export expansion and a more efficient resource allocation. Federico Barbiellini Amidei, John Catwell, and Anna Spadavecchia, who investigate technological innovation, highlight the major role played by international transfers of technology. Italy creatively adopted foreign technology, as industries’ innovation was driven more by engineering and design than by R&D. Since the 1990s, imports of foreign disembodied technology slowed down while R&D expenditure lagged behind advanced countries deepening the gap. A most informative chapter on the emergence and expansion of Italian multinationals by Fabrizio Onida, Giuseppe Berta, and Mario Perugini closes Part III.

The theme of Part IV is how firms and industries evolved and what the role played in it by banks and public policies. Franco Amatori, Matteo Bugamelli, and Andrea Colli assess how firms reacted to different technological paradigms in a global economy. During the first three-fourths of the twentieth century, industry, especially small and medium-size firms, performed satisfactorily. However, in the latest phase of globalization, small-size firms were unable to take full advantage of the information and communication technology, while suffered increasing competition from emerging countries. Inability to manage social conflict and to create a modern institutional framework seems to underlie Italy’s disappointing performance during the last two decades. The impact of credit allocation on growth and efficiency since World War II is at the core of Stefano Battilossi, Alfredo Gigliobianco, and Giuseppe Marinelli’s essay. They find a contribution of Italian banks to economic growth up to 1970, while overregulation and financial repression — a result of policies socially motivated and serving vested political interests — had a negative impact between the 1970s and mid-1990s. Liberalization had a positive effect on the banking system that responded to growth opportunities and directed credit towards promising industries. Banks, thus, should not be blamed for Italy’s current structural problems. In their chapter, Fabrizio Balassone, Maura Francese, and Angelo Pace find support for the hypothesis of a negative association between public debt and growth over the long run through a reduction in capital accumulation. Nonetheless, unlike the experience of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, reducing public debt from 1995 to 2007 did not have a positive effect on growth. Delayed fiscal consolidation and the size of public expenditure and deficits appear as the explanation. In this section’s closing paper, Magda Bianco and Giulio Napolitano address the impact of public administration on the efficiency of the Italian economy.

In Part V, dedicated to the regional divide, Giovanni Iuzzolino, Guido Pellegrini, and Gianfranco Viesti focus on the changes in regional convergence of GDP per head since unification and find a declining North-South gap between the late nineteenth and mid-twentieth century that gave way to its increase during the Golden Age, to be followed by a reduction that has stabilized since the 1980s. In human development terms, however, the divergence partially closed over time. Brian A’Hearn and Anthony Venables investigate, in turn, the role of internal geography and foreign trade patterns in regional disparities showing that location of natural advantage and access to domestic and international markets favored the North over time, rejecting the hypothesis of an inverted-U pattern of regional inequality. Water abundance permitted intensive agriculture after unification; largely inward-looking industrialization in the early twentieth century also gave advantage to the North with its larger and more sophisticated markets. In the post-World War II era agglomeration in the North facilitated its access to European Community markets.

I cannot refrain from adding some succinct remarks after reading such a fascinating volume. As regards the quantitative part, it needs to be said that Baffigi’s chapter would by itself justify the volume. However, the way the new series are presented is a bit disappointing. One misses the presentation of long-run trends in GDP and GDP per head and the contribution due to supply and demand components.

In the excellent chapter by Broadberry, Giordano and Zollino it seems surprising that human capital is not considered independently. This decision implies that in the estimates any potential contribution of labor quality is included in the residual, rendering TFP estimates an upper bound of its actual magnitude. In turn, using full time equivalent workers (FTE) fails to take into account the decline in hours worked per employed worker that probably results in a downward bias in labor productivity levels and growth.

Some additional questions emerge. Are broad capital accumulation and efficiency gains, complementary or alternative? Does TFP growth follow capital accumulation? Should it be concluded that Italy exhausted its catching-up potential as it got closer the technological frontier? Other national experiences, such as Korea’s, tend to suggest otherwise.

On the contentious issue of inequality, the Italian historical experience appears of great interest. A’Hearn and Venables do not find confirmation for the hypothesis of an inverted-U pattern of regional inequality. Such a finding is consistent with the results for personal income distribution by Brandolini and Vecchi. This coincidence suggests a possible association between them as differences in average incomes between rich and poor regions will be most probably an element in overall inequality and would explain, perhaps, the absence of a Kuznets curve in Italy.

As the reader will realize, the long journey through this lengthy book is worth pursuing. Italian and European economic history is better and more thoughtful after the appearance of The Oxford Handbook of the Italian Economy.

Leandro Prados de la Escosura is the author of “Economic Freedom in the Long Run: Evidence from OECD Countries (1850-2007),” Economic History Review (forthcoming).

Copyright (c) 2015 by EH.Net. All rights reserved. This work may be copied for non-profit educational uses if proper credit is given to the author and the list. For other permission, please contact the EH.Net Administrator (administrator @ eh.net). Published by EH.Net (October 2015). All EH.Net reviews are archived at http://eh.net/book-reviews/.


Researchers with updated publications: Herbert S. Klein

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24o. Encuentro de Historia Económica del Norte de México (Hermosillo, 29-30 de octubre 2015)

XXIV Encuentro de Historia Económica del Norte de México
Departamento de Historia y Antropología, UNISON
29-30/10/2015
http://www.h-mexico.unam.mx/node/16431

Estimados colegas:
De nuevo les solicito su apoyo, para difundir, en la semana comprendida del 25 al 31 del presente mes, el programa del XXIV Encuentro de Historia Económica del Norte de México, evento organizado por la AHENME, que llevaremos a cabo en el Departamento de Historia-UNISON, los días 29 y 30. Saludos y gracias anticipadas.
Juan Manuel Romero Gil
Se anexa programa

XXIV Encuentro de Historia Económica

del Norte de México:

Historia de empresas, empresarios, industria, agricultura y mercados.

“In Memoriam de Antonio Peña Guajardo”

29 y 30 de octubre de 2015

Departamento de Historia y Antropología, UNISON

Sala Polivalente

PROGRAMA

JUEVES 29 DE OCTUBRE Inauguración 9:00 a 10:00
Mario Cerutti:

La historia económica en y desde el norte (1991-2015).

Mesa 1

Moderador: Moisés Gámez

Araceli Almaraz (COLEF):

Tijuana: empresas y empresarios en las décadas de 1930 y 1940.

Francisco Alberto Núñez Tapia, Jesús Méndez Reyes (IIH-UABC):

Empresas mineras en Baja California: el caso de la Cedros Island Mining and Milling Co.

Cristina Ortiz Manzo (AHBCS-PLM):

Expansión, consolidación y uso de capital social de una familia empresarial sudcaliforniana: entre el amparo del gobierno y la espiral revolucionaria (1910-1940).

10:00 a 11:20
Mesa 2

Moderador: Aracely Almaraz

R. Arturo Román Alarcón (UAS):

Tomás de Rueda Coppel, empresario, pesquero y pionero de la industria naviera en el Noroeste de México.

Minerva Celaya Tentori (COLEF):

Surgimiento y desarrollo de la actividad acuícola en Baja California

Elizabeth Acosta Mendía (AHBCS-PLM):

Historia económica y desarrollo de la Zona Libre en la península de Baja California.

Juan José Gracida, Oscar Alfredo Erquizio (UNISON):

El ciclo económico clásico en Sonora, 1920-1935.

11:30 a 13:10
VIERNES 30 DE OCTUBRE
Mesa 3

Moderador: Ana Isabel Grijalva

Moisés Gámez (COLSAN):

Proyectos, Asociaciones y Exposiciones como formas de sociabilidad y empresa en San Luis Potosí.

Oscar Ávila (UAQ):

Empresa y empresarios en Querétaro al iniciar el siglo XX.

Lylia Palacios (UANL):

Cerrar antes que ceder. Historia de La Industrial, Fábrica de Galletas y Pastas (1917-1953).

9:00 a 10:20
Mesa 4

Moderador: Lylia Palacios

Lawrence Douglas Taylor Hansen (COLEF):

El espejismo de un "paraíso" agrícola: las ideas de los promotores estadounidenses en torno al desarrollo de la agricultura en Baja California durante el Porfiriato.

Ana Isabel Grijalva Díaz (COLSON):

Los ciclos productivos de la agricultura en las regiones agrícolas de Sonora: siglo XX.

Eva Rivas Sada (Tec de Monterrey, Campus Mty.):

El lugar del Norte en la agricultura científica mexicana, 1940- 1965.

10:30 a 11:50
Mesa 5

Moderador: Eva Rivas Sada

Diana L. Méndez Medina (IIH-UABC):

Ciudad Mante: el surgimiento de una agrociudad en el contexto del norte mexicano en la primera mitad del siglo XX.

Gustavo Aguilar Aguilar y María de los Ángeles, Citlálitl García Murillo (UAS):

Financiamiento y desarrollo agrícola en el norte de Sinaloa: 1930-1970.

12:00 a 13:00
Asamblea de la AHENME
  1. Cambio de Mesa Directiva
  2. Definición sede del XXV Encuentro de Historia Económica del Norte de México
  3. Asuntos generales
13:00 a 14:00

CFP Session of Congress of the Spanish Association of Historical Demography: Migration flows, money and credit (16-19th centuries) (Cadiz, 21-24 june 2016)

Call for Papers: "Migration flows, money and credit (16-19th centuries): foreign money and absentees money" of the 11th Congress of the Spanish Association of Historical Demography

Place: Cadiz (Spain)
Time: 21 – 24 june 2016.

Session Chairs: CEBREIRO ARES, Francisco and REY CASTELAO, Ofelia.
Faculty of Geography and History, University of Santiago de Compostela (Spain)
francisco. cebreiro @ usc.es ; ofelia.rey @ usc.es

Papers could be presented in Portuguese, Spanish, English, French and Italian

A title, abstract (of 150 words) and a resume of max 4 pages should be sent prior to November 29th of 2015

The economic impact of migration is one of the fundamentals in the historical analysis of any population. Yet research into this area is far from complete. This, among many others, was one of the conclusions drawn by the 1st European Conference for Historical Demography (Santiago de Compostela, 1993), with no further investigation having been carried out since in this specific area. More specifically, monetary transfers between regions of origin and those of destination have increasingly gained prominence as a means to explain facts relevant to the development of the sending and receiving societies.

Contemporary observers and scholarly literature from the XIX century has bestowed us with two foundations that still survive in current historiography. On the one hand, the large scale trade involving the metropolis of the two colonial empires and foreigners, either individuals or groups, who used to operate from the varying economic hubs of each period (Italy, Netherlands, France, British Islands, and so on). This flow has been studied mainly from the perspective of monetary drains and the illegal withdrawal of gold and silver coins and precious metals.

On the other hand, we have the favourable effect of the small contributions coming in from migrants? remittances into the savings of families of origin domestic economies. These small scale financial transferences involved individuals from secondary economic systems and areas. These two different ways of considering the link between money and migration involve rating phenomena by their effects, when really, they can hardly be said to be quantifiable, especially in the second case, on which there is far less bibliography due to shortage of documentation and datasets.

In this session we aim to breach the gulf between both perspectives by taking on different outlooks, and looking at groups, agents, middlemen, networks and quantities. Priority will be given to the comparative study of different groups operating in the same area; to these single groups operating in different areas. Similarly, another goal of this study is to closely observe the role of women in these phenomena, an often forgotten dimension in the larger picture of the study of great trade and monetary flows. Despite having pointed out the interest of the role of women in particular case studies, we should not underestimate the leeway for studying the monetary phenomenon in these areas and groups in the middle and long term.

This perspective, closely linked to the daily comings and goings of the lower classes and the peasantry does not imply that we remain unaware of the great flows in capital caused by the merchant communities and large companies. However, our focus will mostly be on the lesser credit and indebtedness, connected to individuals? migratory displacement (within the country of origin, and transoceanic, crossing over to America), seeing it through to the early stages of its implementation in the receiving areas.

It would be interesting, and something has already been suggested in this regard, to look for the connections between both kinds of capital flows; minor monetary movements and proletarian credit as they relate to the loftier transfer and financial credit. With a view to distinguishing separate scales in the monetary activities of a group, we primarily need access to a good knowledge of the demographics of that particular group, and their activities in a given time and space. With such data it would be possible to start establishing quantifiable characteristics that could eventually lead us to draw up scales within them.

First, it would be worthwhile to identify the groups that borrow and lend, those, who transferred their wealth across the colonial and European geography, be it in gold and silver, or with the less conspicuous means of bills. The interlaced accounting between two companies located in different commercial areas would also be an appealing area of study. Thus, different strata and quantities within the same time context could be identified, together with considerations of gender, e. g., Do women lend more to groups in the lower or higher levels? Do menial manual labourers and great merchants share a common creditor?

The difficulties inherent in the study of such a complex reality as money and credit forced us to call upon a full panoply of most diverse documentation. Without discarding lucky finds coming from private archives, our database has its main support in the notarial, taxing and judicial sources. Among notarial sources, in addition to the specific types of credit – obligations, census, "special sales", bills protest, – other documents of a more social nature, so to speak, such as endowments, wills, post-mortem inventories, are also deeply significant in a study of this type.

Any communications concerning these difficulties of method, which imply sources and study skills, related to the issues surrounding migratory flows will be especially welcome.


Postdoc in Lund: Economic History with Innovation Focus

The department of Economic History, Lund Univerity, announces one or more position/s as Postdoctoral fellow/s.

Job assignments

The holder will conduct independent research in Economic History with innovation focus. She/he must be willing to interact with the students and to participate actively in the common activities of the Department of Economic History. The position involves a limited amount of teaching and/or supervision of Bachelor and Master’s Theses.

Eligibility/Entry Requirements

To be qualified for employment as Postdoctoral fellow, an individual must hold a PhD in Economic History or related discipline (e.g. Economics, Innovation studies, Sociology, Economic Geography, Statistics, History), awarded no more than three years ago (unless the applicant has been on parental leave or leave due to illness). Applications will also be accepted from persons who have not yet completed their PhD, but this condition must be satisfied at the time of employment.

For appointment, the candidate must have demonstrated a high degree of research expertise as manifested in the quality of the PhD dissertation and other publications.

Basis of Assessment

Scholarly proficiency is the main requirement for employment.

The holder of the position should be competent and experienced enough to be able to carry out independent research in Economic History. The holder of the position will participate in a research group at the Department of Economic History dealing with Swedish innovations, funded by VINNOVA (The Swedish Agency for innovation systems). She/he is expected to be able to work with statistical analysis of existing new databases and complement the current group in competences and co-write articles as well as conduct independent own analyses.

In addition to the above, the following set of criteria will be applied in the assessment of candidates:

– international experience

– other results and distinctions which attest to the applicant’s ability to do research

– ability to engage and inform society at large about research

The evaluation will take the experience, knowledge and other personal qualities into consideration. The applicants’ ability to use their skills and experience to strengthen and supplement existing research activities within the Department of Economic History will also be considered.

Application

Applications should be written in English and must include:

1. Cover letter

2. Curriculum Vitae

3. Publications including publication list

4. Certificates, references, etc

Type of employment

Full time position. Limit of tenure, two years

Lund University has an individual salary policy. Applicants are encouraged to propose a suitable salary in their application.

Lund University welcomes applicants with diverse backgrounds and experiences. We regard gender equality and diversity as a strength and an asset.

Apply: https://lu.mynetworkglobal.com/en/what:job/jobID:77518/where:4/

Last application date 16.Nov.2015 11:59 PM CET


Convocatoria: Ayudas de investigación del Banco de España

Queridos amigos y querido Secretario General:

me complace enviaros la siguiente noticia:

ha salido la convocatoria del Banco de España de ayudas a la investigación en economía e historia economica. La información está disponible en:

http://www.bde.es/bde/es/secciones/convocatorias/Programas_excele/

os ruego que le deis la máxima difusión y con cierta urgencia, pues el plazo de solicitud termina el 15 de diciembre próximo y la preparación de la solicitud requiere tiempo;

quedo a vuestra disposición para cualquier detalle;

saludos,

Pablo Martin-Aceña

Catedratico de Economía, Historia e Instituciones Económicas

Facultad de Ciencias Economicas y Empresariales

Universidad de Alcala

Plaza de la Victoria, s/n

28803 Alcala de Henares

Alcalá de Henares (Madrid)

Tel. + 34 91 885 4234

email: pablo.martin @ uah.es